Now that we’ve covered the subject of Why you would want to make wine at home, it’s time to address equipment!
Wine making is a hobby that you can definitely build on. You can start out with a basic set of equipment, and build from there. I recommend making a batch or two of wine, deciding if it’s a hobby you can see yourself sticking with, and THEN worrying about rounding out your equipment collection. I’m just thrifty like that.
So, where to start? Here is the basic equipment that we recommend for a first SMALL batch. Each item is linked to the company that we buy our supplies from (Midwest Supplies, for visual aid and more information. (That is, NOT as a paid advertisement!). They are a great company to deal with, they ship all over the place… but all of the equipment we’ll be listing below should be easy to find in any brew supply store.
- One 2 gallon plastic fermenting bucket with drilled lid Click here ~ $5
- Two 1 gallon glass jugs (Carboys) click here ~ $4-5 each
- One rubber stopper Click here ~ $1
- One airlock Click here $1-2 (There are different types, this is the kind we prefer!)
- One 5/16″ Auto siphon Click here ~$10
- 5′ of 5/16″ tubing for siphon Click here ~ $2-3
- One Hydrometer Click here ~$6
- One hydrometer test jar Click here ~$5
As you can see, getting started doesn’t need to cost a lot of money. This list will get you set up nicely for a 1 gallon batch of wine for under $40 in equipment capital. All of the equipment here can be used for many, many batches of wine to come!
Over time, we’ve managed to accumulate 7 or 8 of the single gallon glass carboys / stopper sets, as we like to try a recipe as a small batch first. If we like it, we’ll tinker with it before making a big batch. If we love it… we put a big batch on ASAP. Trust us, 1 gallon of home brewed wine that you love does NOT last long!
Additionally, it’s good to have some of the 1 gallon jugs on hand in case your large batch does not fit in your larger fermenter. More on this later – just wanted to make the point that buying a small set to start does NOT end up being a waste, even when upgrading to a larger setup.
When you are ready to graduate to a larger batch set, here is what we recommend:
- One 6.5 gallon plastic fermenter with lid and tap Click here ~ $16-17
- One 7.9 gallon plastic fermenter with lid Click here (Best if you’ll be using a lot of fruit – rather than just juice)
- One 5 gallon glass carboy Click here ~$29
- One 6.5 gallon glass carboy Click here ~$35
- One rubber stopper Click here ~ $1 each (This size fits both carboys)*
- One airlock Click here $1-2 (There are different types, this is the kind we prefer!) *
- One Hydrometer Click here ~$6 **
- One hydrometer test jar Click here ~$5 **
- One ½” auto siphon Click here ***
- 5′ of 7/16″ tubing for auto siphon Click here ***
*You only NEED one of each, but it’s a good idea to have a few extra on hand!
** You only need one hydrometer & jar, if you bought already bought a set with the small set up, that’s all you need!
*** This is an ideal, but not totally necessary if you already have the 5/16″ siphon set up. This set flows MUCH faster and is a great time saver, but is a luxury rather than a necessity. The 5/16″ set up will work fine with the larger carboys, but this ½” one will NOT fit in the smaller carboys.
Other equipment that you may / probably already have at home:
- A small food scale (for weighing sugar and other ingredients)
- A food processor or blender (for chopping fruit)
- Measuring spoons and cups
- Stock pots
- Turkey fryer (Nice for large 5 gallon batches, NOT necessary for 1 gallon batches!)
Here’s the deal with the turkey fryer. You can get by with cooking small batches of fruit/sugar/water in stock pots, but it gets tedious. Brew stores carry boiling kettles and burners, but they’re definitely cost prohibitive. Turkey fryers do the job just as well, for a small fraction of the cost. To compare:
Brewing store: 40 quart boiling kettle: $140, and Burners start at about $55 for a total of ~$200
As an example, a quick google search turned up a 40 quart turkey fryer: $75 on Amazon. That’s both the pot AND the burner!
Better yet, buy your fryer right around Thanksgiving for huge savings! We got ours for $30 or $40… a far cry from the ~$200 a comparable brewing-specific set up would have cost!
One caveat. The brewing specific pot is made from stainless steel. Many cheaper turkey fryers feature an aluminum pot. While this is not a problem at all, you will want to oxidize the surface before using it for wine making. This will prevent your pot from imparting any undesirable aluminum flavors on your wine.
All you need to do is fill your pot with water and boil it for a few minutes. Dump the water and you are set to go, you only need to do this once. Well, you won’t need to do this again UNLESS you use a scouring pad or other rough surface to clean your pot. Doing so will remove the finish, and you’ll have to boil the water again.
This stuff doesn’t really belong with equipment, as it’s all stuff that you’ll use up and need to buy repeatedly, rather than a capital equipment cost. Nonetheless, here are some other items you will want to have on hand when you start.
- Brew wash, for cleaning your equipment. (This will make your life easier!) : click here. ~ $1.50 and up
- Sanitizer, for equipment and utensils. This is what we use: click here, but even bleach would be good. ~ $8
- Yeast. There are different varieties for different uses, we like to keep a selection of them in the fridge. (We like Red Star, click here.) ~ $0.60/each
- Yeast nutrient, click here. ~ $2
- Acid blend, click here. ~ $1-2
- Pectic enzyme, click here. ~ $2
- Wine Tannin, click here. ~ $2
- Campden tablets (If you’ll be using fresh, uncooked fruit.), click here. ~ $2
With these recommendations, you should have what you need to make most wine recipes, aside from the actual ingredients. Read through any wine recipe before actually getting started, to make sure that you have any other items it may call for!
Next, we’ll cover the process of making wine at home!